Common Types of Flooring Materials

The many different kinds of flooring materials in the market today make it confusing for new homeowners, and you may have heard of materials like: tiles, vinyl, laminates, engineered hardwood, carpet, parquet, marble, granite, PVC, mosaic, linoleum, etc.

The two most common form of flooring for the home would be tiles (homogenous) or vinyl planks. It is essential to know the differences between these two, as it would help you to make a better choice.

Homogenous (porcelain) tiles are one of the most common materials for flooring. With its durability and ability to withstand scratches, it is one of the top choices for homeowners. Ceramic tiles are not as popular as before, due to the fact that is more fragile than homogenous tiles.


Wet areas (like the toilets) require floor and wall tiles, and waterproofing works has to be done properly on both the floor and wall (partially) before the tiles are laid. Otherwise, seepages to another area (most commonly the floor below your unit) can occur.

Vinyl flooring has been growing in popularity since its inception as it is a cheaper alternative to tiles and the designs (mostly wood grains) complement well with many current design trends.

In the past, vinyl flooring was found to emit toxic chemicals and it was laid using the glue system, which was considered hazardous by some. The modern method of fabrication has ensured that vinyl is non-toxic, and it is mainly laid by using the click-system, which makes it easier to replace any existing vinyl planks.

As vinyl flooring is not exactly waterproof, it is not meant to be used in wet areas (like the toilets). For semi-wet areas like the kitchen, it is still not advisable to lay vinyl flooring as there may always be an occurence of flooding.

Engineered wood is a new type of flooring that can withstand more environmental stress than laminate flooring. The cost is usually much higher, but the level of quality in the production ensures that it is able to last for nearly a lifetime.

Carpet flooring is used mainly for commercial entities, where it is considered appropriate to reduce the noise level when commuting to and fro.

The cost of laying carpet tiles will be higher than laying carpet rolls, as more labour is involved in the process.


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